Dr Haroon Hussain shares expert tips on preventing monsoon diseases in an exclusive VB interview

The arrival of the monsoon season brings with it mixed emotions. While the refreshing rains help to get rid of the heat, they also cause a host of health problems. The increased humidity and waterlogged environment create ideal breeding grounds for disease-causing pathogens, leading to an increase in disease. In coastal regions such as Mangaluru, these problems are particularly pronounced due to the geographical location and proximity to water bodies.

In this context, Dr. Haroon Hussain, a renowned doctor working at KMC Hospital, Mangaluru, provides valuable insights into the prevention and management of monsoon related diseases. In an interview with Vartha Bharati Dr. Haroon shared his experiences on the most common diseases affecting the region this season, emphasizing the importance of personal protection, special care for vulnerable populations, and the importance of nutrition and hygiene in maintaining good health. .

In this comprehensive interview, Dr. Haroon delves into modes of transmission, key symptoms and signs of common diseases such as vector-borne infections such as malaria, dengue and chikungunya. He also highlights the risks associated with water pollution causing diseases such as typhoid, stomach flu and diarrhoea. Promoting awareness of these diseases, Dr. Haroon aims to empower people to identify early warning signs and seek immediate medical attention if necessary.

Excerpts from the interview with Dr. Haroon Hussain (MBBS, MD) on measures to prevent and reduce diseases during monsoons:

J. The arrival of monsoons aggravates several types of diseases. What are the most common ones that you think people should be aware of, especially in coastal regions like Mangaluru?

Dr. Haroon: In this geographic location, the most common diseases are vector-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. In addition, we also encounter chikungunya, which is spread by mosquitoes.

Q. What are the primary modes of transmission of these diseases?

dr. Haroon: Vector-borne diseases are transmitted through the bites of insects such as mosquitoes or fleas. Diseases can also spread through water pollution, causing typhoid, stomach flu and diarrhea.

Q. What are the main symptoms and signs that people should know to identify these diseases?

Dr. Haroon: Each disease has its own set of symptoms, but fever is usually a common sign of infection. For example, flu symptoms usually include a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, sneezing, cough, fever, body aches, and joint pain. Malaria and dengue fever can cause severe illness with symptoms such as low platelet counts, bleeding, vomiting and dehydration. Cholera has symptoms related to the digestive system, including watery diarrhea and severe dehydration.

Q. Which specific communicable diseases can be expected in our city during the monsoon season?

dr. Haroon: Leptospirosis, locally known as “ili jvara” or rat fever, is one of the most common diseases in rain-ravaged areas. Humans can become infected by coming into contact with the urine of the carriers of this disease, which are mainly rodents. Walking barefoot or having cuts and scrapes on the skin can increase the risk of transmission. This disease can be life-threatening, so it is important to wear shoes that do not allow water to come into contact with the feet, as rainwater and sewage water can be contaminated with disease vectors.

Q. Since viral fevers are known to usually go away, when should people who are infected seek professional medical attention?

Dr. Haroon: It is difficult to detect an infection without a proper diagnosis. It is always better to consult a doctor than to think about the disease. Infected individuals should watch for red flag signs such as extreme fatigue, changes in consciousness, blood in the urine or stool, inability to eat, headache, and vomiting. People with underlying medical conditions should not take fever lightly and should seek medical attention immediately.

Q. How important is vaccination in preventing communicable diseases during the monsoon season? Should flu vaccines and measles vaccines be used during monsoons to prevent infection?

Dr. Haroon: Flu vaccines are highly recommended and I recommend consulting a medical professional before taking them. In addition, pneumococcal and typhoid vaccines may also be considered, but not everyone needs them. Only people at high risk of severe manifestations of certain diseases should consider them after consulting a doctor.

Q. What nutritional measures will you recommend for boosting immunity during monsoons?

dr. Haroon: The most important ways to strengthen immunity are drinking boiled and cooled water, eating freshly cooked food while avoiding outside food, and washing fruits and vegetables thoroughly before eating. Maintaining proper hand hygiene, avoiding crowded areas, and following proper food handling and preparation practices are very important to prevent the spread of infections.

Q. Since children are most susceptible to contagious diseases, what additional measures should be considered?

dr. Haroon: Parents should ensure that their children carry a suitable umbrella and preferably send extra clothing in case they get wet during the rain. It is best if children wear covered clothing and waterproof shoes. In addition, children should be taught proper hand washing techniques and should not be sent to school if they have any symptoms to prevent the spread of infection.

Q. Since malaria is endemic in Mangaluru, what countermeasures should be taken to keep us safe?

dr. Haroon: : To prevent mosquito bites, take personal protective measures, including wearing covered clothing. Particular care should be taken in vulnerable populations such as children and the elderly. It is very important to eliminate all sources of mosquito breeding near your home. Coming together as a community and volunteering to solve a problem or informing civic authorities can make a big difference.

End of Fragments

dr. Haron Hussain’s insights and suggestions on preventative measures during the monsoon season are invaluable to individuals and communities in coastal regions like Mangaluru. As this season begins, it is very important to be aware of common diseases and how they are transmitted. According to Dr. Haroon’s advice on personal protection, hygiene practices and diet, we can significantly reduce the risk of infection.

The Covid-19 pandemic has taught us the importance of being prepared, and Dr. Haroon emphasizes this lesson in relation to monsoon-related illnesses. His call for community involvement and volunteering to fight disease outbreaks resonates strongly, underscoring our collective responsibility to protect public health.

By being proactive, seeking medical attention when necessary and following vaccination recommendations, we can reduce the impact of communicable diseases.

In conclusion, it must be said that Dr. Haroon Hussain’s knowledge and advice serves as a guide for individuals, families and communities to stay healthy and prevent disease outbreaks during the monsoon season. Let us heed his advice, take preventive measures and work together to make this monsoon a season of good health and prosperity for all.

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