After diabetes and high blood pressure, obesity has raised alarm bells across India – Sentinelassam

NEW DELHI: As India continues to grapple with the rapid rise of two major lifestyle diseases — type 2 diabetes and hypertension — rising cases of obesity have raised alarm in the country.

The rise in obesity comes at a time when millions of Indians are abandoning home-cooked traditional diets for fatty, cheesy and oily processed foods and sugar-laden drinks. Obesity is a major health care problem even in middle- and low-income countries, as it is associated with chronic diseases such as diabetescardiovascular disease and some cancers.

The prevalence of overweight and obesity in India has doubled over the past two decades, leading to a significant increase in the burden of non-communicable diseases, according to a recent study published in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology.

While India has made huge strides in providing primary and preventive healthcare to its citizens, it has not recognized obesity as a major healthcare problem that needs to be addressed, a study titled ‘Obesity: Another Ongoing Pandemic’ has claimed.

Obesity was also mentioned as a modifiable risk factor for Covid-19, and the study emphasized that the goal of public health institutions should be to achieve a healthy weight at the population level, which could reduce adverse outcomes of non-communicable and communicable diseases.

According to the 2016-2021 According to the 2010 National Family Health Survey (NFHS), about 20 percent of the Indian population is obese, including 5 percent who are morbidly obese (severely obese). A rapid increase in childhood obesity was also discovered.

An estimated 135 million people are obese in India. Health experts blame changes in eating habits as one of the main factors contributing to India’s obesity pandemic. The diet of young people in India has become more westernized and more dependent on processed and fast foods.

These foods are often high in calories, sugar and fat, which can lead to weight gain and obesity, experts say. According to Dr. According to Kishore B. Reddy, Managing Director, Amor Hospital, Hyderabad, the modernization and urbanization of our society has brought some unwanted changes in our lives.

“We see today that more and more people are consuming energy- and fat-dense foods, but the amount of physical activity is significantly decreasing. This leads to people gaining weight, which has significant financial consequences. Obese individuals and families tend to spend more not just on their for healthcare, but also for some simple needs like transportation,” noted Dr. Reddy.

Increased sugar intake, found in many highly processed foods, is linked to overweight and obesity, which affects nearly 40 percent of the world’s population and millions of children.

“It is imperative to recognize the complex relationship between sugar consumption and the development of diabetes. Sugar, once considered a simple pleasure, can disrupt the delicate balance of our body’s glucose regulation, predisposing individuals to this chronic disease,” says Dr. Manoj Vithlani. said Senior Consultant Physician and Diabetologist, HCG Hospitals, Ahmedabad.

Obesity Without improvements in prevention, treatment and support, the number of boys and girls in India is likely to see an annual increase of 9.1% by 2035, warned an alarming global report to mark World Obesity Day this March.

A report published by the World Obesity Federation shows that the risk of obesity for boys was 3 percent in 2020, but this is likely to increase to 12 percent by 2035, and 2 percent for girls in 2020. In 2035, it will increase to 7 percent. IANS

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